LED Hazardous Location Class 1 Division 2

What is a Class 1 Division 2 hazardous area?

Class 1 Hazardous Locations refer to facilities which deal with flammable gases, vapors, and liquids. Division 2 specifies that these flammable materials are handled, processed, or used in the defined hazardous location, but are not normally present in concentrations high enough to be ignitable.

Simply put, this requires proper handling and storage of the flammable gases, vapors, or liquids to prevent such an ignition under normal operating conditions. This also might involve a positive mechanical ventilation system that prevents any ignitable concentration from forming, and absent any breakdown of the ventilation equipment, the concentration of the flammable gases or liquid-produced vapors will never reach an ignitable level.

What is a Class 1 Division 2 lighting?

LITELUME’s Class 1 Division 2 LED Lighting solutions are robust, durable industrial luminaires engineered for indoor and outdoor hazardous locations and high particulate areas such as granaries, mills, and mines, locations with gasoline vapors like gas stations, airplane hangars, or auto shops, and environments where petrochemical vapors exist.

What is considered a Hazardous Location?

According to Wikipedia, In electrical and safety engineering, hazardous locations (HazLoc) are places where fire or explosion hazards may exist. Sources of such hazards include gases, vapors, dust, fibers, and flyings, which are combustible or flammable.

Electrical equipment installed in such locations could provide an ignition source, due to electrical arcing, or high temperature. Standards and regulations exist to identify such locations, classify the hazards, and design equipment for safe use in such locations.

This is why it’s extremely important to make sure your light fixtures are certified for these dangerous locations. LITELUME specializes in manufacturing these fixtures. For more information, contact us today at (833) 533-5863 or email us at info@litelume.com.

Class 1 Hazardous Location Lighting Examples

These areas are defined as those in which flammable gas, dust, or vapors are present in the air. The quantities may be so small but sufficient to produce a fire and explode. Some Class 1 environment areas can include:

  • Gas Stations
  • Solvent extraction plants
  • Ethanol facilities
  • Aircraft hangers and fuel servicing areas
  • Utility gas plants (operations where natural gas is stored)
  • Dry cleaning plants
  • Petroleum refining facilities
  • Storage tanks that contain flammable/combustible liquids.

In North America, the hazardous location classification system was created by the National Fire Protection Association. As the world trade of electrical products and services continues to grow, international standards are converging so that more and more acceptable techniques get approved by regulatory agencies. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) is the agency that enforces regulations to make sure we comply.

How are Hazardous Areas classified?

Hazardous Locations are classified by the likelihood of an ignitable concentration of combustible material being present. There are two systems in place, including the traditional North American Division system as well as the alternative Zone system. See below for further details:

Hazardous Location Divisions:

Division 1 – Ignitable concentrations of flammable gases, flammable liquid-produced vapors, or combustible liquid-produced vapors can exist under normal operating conditions.

Division 2 – Ignitable concentrations of flammable gases, flammable liquid-produced vapors, or combustible liquid-produced vapors are not likely to exist under normal operating conditions.

Hazardous Location Class – Materials are divided by type:

Class I – Flammable gases, flammable liquid-produced vapors, and combustible liquid-produced vapors
Class II – Combustible dusts
Class III – Ignitable fibers/flyings

What’s the difference between Class 1 & Class 2 Hazardous Locations?

Class I locations are those in which flammable vapors and gases may be present.

Class II locations are those in which combustible dust may be found.
Hazardous Location Groups – Materials are further divided into Groups for Class I, Divisions 1 and 2:

A – Acetylene
B – Hydrogen
C – Ethylene
D – Propane

Groups – Materials are further divided into Groups for Class II, Division 1 and 2:

E – Metal Dusts (Div. 1 only)
F – Carbonaceous Dusts
G – Non-Conductive Dusts (flour, grain, wood, plastic, etc.)

What is the difference between a Class I, Division 1 Location and Class I, Division 2 Location? What about the differences between the other locations?
Class I, Division 1 Location

Ignitable concentrations of flammable gases, vapors or liquids: can exist under normal operating conditions; may exist frequently because of repair or maintenance operations or leakage; or may exist because of equipment breakdown that simultaneously causes the equipment to become a source of release.

Class I, Division 2 Location

Volatile flammable liquids or flammable gases or vapors exist, but are normally confined within closed containers; Ignitable concentrations of gases, vapors or liquids are normally prevented by positive mechanical ventilation; or Adjacent to a Class I, Division 1 location where ignitable concentrations might be occasionally communicated.

Class II, Division 1 Location

Ignitable concentrations of combustible dust can exist in the air under normal operating conditions;Ignitable concentrations of combustible dust may exist because of equipment breakdown that simultaneously causes the equipment to become a source of ignition; or electrically conductive combustible dusts may be present in hazardous quantities.

Class II, Division 2 Location

Combustible dust is not normally in the air in ignitable concentrations;
Dust accumulations are normally insufficient to interfere with normal operation of electrical equipment; dust may be in suspension in the air as the result of infrequent malfunction of equipment; or dust accumulation may be sufficient to interfere with safe dissipation of heat or may be ignitable by abnormal operation.

Class III, Division 1 Location

A location in which easily ignitable fibers or materials producing combustible flyings are handled, manufactured or used.

Class III, Division 2 Location

A location in which easily ignitable fibers are stored or handled other than in the process of manufacture.

LED Hazardous Location Light Manufacturer

As one of the best lighting manufacturers in the United States, LITELUME produces a wide variety of indoor and outdoor hazardous location light fixtures to accommodate all of your customers’ commercial and residential electrical and lighting project needs. All of our lights come with financing options available. For electricians, contractors and lighting distributors, we provide labor warranties and can help with creating a proposal. Click here for more information about LITELUME.

LITELUME stands behind the quality of its lighting products by offering a 10-year Limited Warranty for all of our light fixtures, mounts, sensors, and more. We also offer a return policy just in case. We provide a number of Financing Options that are also available. Fill out a submit one of our Credit Applications today!

Got a project? Need to order light fixtures in bulk or resell as a distributor? LITELUME is here for all your commercial and residential property lighting needs. Contact us today at (833) 533-5863 or email us at info@litelume.com.